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Put and Take is one of many forms of Teetotums, which are any gaming spinning top.
According to the Encyclopedia Britannica article on teetotums, "the hexagonal (six-sided) teetotum was known to the ancient Greeks and Romans." The earliest teetotums were used as a substitute for dice, so the sides of the top would be numbered, usually 1 to 6. Two other nice/unusual features: (1) the upper level has single numbers, not odds (like 5-1, 3-2,), and (2) lovely spiral design on the finial (handle) (ususally it is plain or has parallel lines or a diamond design).
Put & Takes -- Non-English language vintage Put & Takes (***this is a link to another page***) 4. Everything else: miscellaneous odd Put & Take-related items, but not spinners: bagatelles, pinball machines, playing cards, darts, spinning disks, etc. Rolling: Dice, faceted balls (vintage, not sterling), logs -- put and take-related 9.
The commands on the six sides are usually in words. The commands are usually: take all, all put, take two, put one, take one, and put two.
It gives the Latin abbreviations on the sides of teetotums. ELLIOTT AVEDON VIRTUAL MUSEUM OF GAMES: Dreidel - Put & Take - Teetotum . I have one set of rules where a land on "0" would mean just that the top passes to the next person. In the pictures below are some of the over 100 Put and Takes in my collection, plus some horse racing and dice tops. 1374243" (same US patent number as the Poker top, in the row above). Also click here for a view of the box and instruction sheet. "Top level in this order: SEQ, MP, POK, 1P, 2P, BR "Bottom level: 9 diamonds 1 diamond BTE (TE is underlined) followed by S. As the game winds down, they swith the fair top back in, and can leave it to one of the suckers as a souvenir. Looks nice, though: thick, deep embossed inscriptions. Hand stamped, hand knurled, and machined on a manual lathe." Metal. EACH SET IS HANDCRAFTED RIGHT HERE IN THE ILLINOIS VALLEY BY OUR MASTER CRAFTSMAN AND OFFERED AT A DISCOUNTED PRICE IN THIS COMBINATION SET. These have been around for quite a while, usually labeled as "vintage" or "antique." I took these pictures from one honest e Bay seller, who described the set as, "This is a contemporary made game of chance for "Put and Take". The white plastic one here is weighted on the inside for each of the six sides so as to force the desired outcome depending on whether the operator twists the stem to the right or left. A Fast paced & easy to learn game for 2 or more players, new unopened condition. "Rocky Top." Unusual the way the two characters on each side are deliberately mis-aligned, never saw that before. She was impressed, though, with its handsome appearance and heavy weight. Seller says, "Gambling 8 sided put-n-take top carried by all early 1800"s gamblers, a game could be started anywhere with someone putting money into a pool and spinning the top. "PUT," "TAKE," and ""LOSE SPIN." The spinner has 8 sides, but only those three commands: take, lose spin, put, take, put, lose spin, take, put. A few of the cards contain new instructions that can radically change the outcome. They say, "Each of our gambling teetotums are hand turned from a solid brass .75″ hex bar making each one unique. What I received was 36 cards, about 3-1/2" x 2-1/4" each, all with the same standard back design. Taped to the back of the sign is the profit chart per set of 1200 "tickets" on a spindle. On the last page the booklet asks, "where is the money going to come from for the operation and expansion of business? " Put & Take with Spinning Tray -- I bought this on e Bay Sept. The little brass spinning top has six sides marked Put One, Put Two, All Put, Take One, Take Two, and Take All.
Game: TEETOTUM -- (Detail from Brueghel's Painting) . By far, the most common rule is for all the players to add one chip to the pot if "O", "All Put," etc. Also included are many put and takes that I do not own, pictures taken from e Bay listings. Look here, here and here, from a site about Spanish language put and takes. As noted elsewhere on this page, it is claimed that the prevalence of crooked Put & Take tops led to the end of the Put & Takes craze after the 1930's. Aluminum mainly, they make a wide variety of modern tops. Their 8-sided one, ink filled engravings, is MS-PT8: 65 grams, aluminum, 2-1/2 inches, spins well. THE DICE IN THIS SET REPRESENT THE FOUR MOST POPULAR STYLES OF DICE IVC HAS TO OFFER AND ALL MADE FROM SOLID BRASS. THESE DICE ARE NOT BRASS PLATED OR PAINTED, THEY ARE 100% REAL CUSTOM MACHINED BRASS. The on on the right appeared on e Bay, Jan 2013, and the seller emailed me that they are being made now by Rose & Pentagram Design,and soldthrough Noble Knight Games. Also, the bottom is rounded, no "nipple" or point to spin on. "Top is NEW 1 and 1/4 inches tall Hand Machined of solid Brass and Polished Made in the U. She sharpened the point *(sanded it down), and that greatly improved its spinning ability. I just received mine in the mail; it spins very poorly. By the way, not shown here, but the jagged line between the "T" and the "A" on the TA side is the signature "Rocky," the nickname of the creator of the top. Originals of these tops are hard to find today, these are made exactly as the originals and after they tarnish, will look exactly like an original does." "Morgan's Revenge, A Pirate Game." Per seller: "This enjoyable and simple game of chance comes with a 6 sided brass top similar to a dreidel, a 16 page booklet including instructions, and replica gold doubloons and pieces of eight. It is small enough to stick in your pocket or in a pouch while wearing your costume. I like it: shiny, heavy 47 grams, 1-3/8" long, get valid spin each time though often a clumsy spin, fun piece, easy to handle. Per dealer, "Made from solid brass, this six-sided Put & Take measures 1.50" long by 7/8" wide. The game finishes when one player has all of the pieces. Great game to have when family comes over for the holidays." Sold at this web site: "Top - Silver with Black Print". The top is stamped, oxidized and then polished but will patina nicely in time." The price for each is . Launcher: 12- inches long." Dealer told me, "sides are just numbered from 1 to 6 with "Industria Argentina" over 4 and "Trompolin M. There are 9 different cards/designs, repeated 4 times for each different card -- so 4 x 9 = 36 cards. The player would have to unwrap the ticket to see the results. Per UK seller: "A vintage, hand held, plated brass, Mechanical Put & Take Game. It is very well engineered & is in lovely condition for its age."Antique Pocket Knife Shop Display Advertising card with Put & Take Brand. Picture to the left is label on back of store display of the "Put and Take Brand" pocket knives. The seller, in Australia, described it as, "vintage folding knife ...'Put and Take Knife ' Germany, Richartz Bros & Son. Middle ( handle ) 7.5cm x 1.5cm." Inspirational booklet. It describes Put and Take as the "biggest game in the country," and "when it rolls over and stops, you do what it says." It uses the game as a parable for life, and a jumping off point for its economic message. " But it can't come from government because "Where do they get their money? The Birdseye Maple tray is made of one piece of wood with nice graining and a raised edge that keeps the top from spinning off.
Pictured above are the most common type of Put and Takes. when you read words on the sides (almost always the six-sided ones) is the handle on the right or the left? solid put & takes, OR bi-level ones (very rare -- see tops #7 and #8 in the large table below). are the words/letters printed, engraved, or embossed (rare)? the particular words/letters on the sides and the order they are in. any name on the spinner (advertising name or maker's name)? -- I thank Marianne Jager, of the Netherlands, for the above picture of her ancient Put and Take spinner and the following informatrion. The top has 6 letters: A (al = take all), B (bij = add? BOTH ARE 2 1/4" TALL TO TOP OF WOOD HANDLES X 1 1/16" WIDE. I finally got a nice one on e Bay for somewhat less in March 2011. If it had landed Jack Two, it would be a pair of Jacks. Dealer said, "Bottom die reads: "Ball, Hit, Ball, Strike, Foul, Strike" Top die reads: "H. The P1 side is just the opposite: straight-flat at the bottom, and rounded at the top. This spinner is celluloid, 1-1/2," from my collection. This is a modern Put and Take (maker calls it a "spinner" and "dreidel") that I first noticed appearing on e Bay in October 2008. The one on the left weighs a very high 56 grams (2 ounces! left one: 10-sided: TAKE ONE, PUT TWO, TAKE THREE, ALL PUT, PUT FIVE, TAKE TWO, PUT ONE, TAKE ALL, PUT THREE, SPIN AGAIN. Seller said, "Game includes authentic solid brass Put'n'Take spinner (1"x1/2"), carry pouch, counters and instructions in a compact display box". "WTA" - Winner Take All: The spinner wins the whole pot! Note how the front of the replica unscrews to become a Put & Take. This tiny device (only about 1 3/16" tall x 5/8" wide; weights only .2 oz.! Perfect for any gambling, gaming, or put & take collection / display." Vintage? This small gaming device is unusual in that it is nickel plated, about 1 1/8" tall x 11/16" wide, and weights a mere .2 oz.." "NICE OLD [? 1-1/4 inches, 10 grams, non-magnetic, easy to pick up and spin, and spins very well. The dealer who sold it to me had nine of them, calls them vintage, but I wonder. Per seller: "6-sided spinner for the game "toma todo" aka "put and take." Sides are labeled in Spanish. Seller says: "Listed is an antique ( 3 in 1 ) put & take, dice & marking pencil. The clip on pencil has a put & take on one end that screws into pencil. And on the other end has a pencil point that goes in & out of the tip.? I can make out these sections: Take All (with star), P1, T3, P2, All Put, T2.... It looks like there are beads on a wire, below -- to keep score? The instructions for all games are printed around the sides, including Roulette, Odd Or Even, Hi-Lo, Play The Flags, Play The Marbles, and Put And Take.The Put & Take craze enveloped the world in the 1920s and 30s, as seen everywhere in games, newspaper stories, songs, plays, movies, punchboards, and reform movements to outlaw the spinners and games. G." stands for "Sans Garantie Du Gouvernement" (="without government guarantee"). Click here for full information and pictures on another page. The top breaks down and you can move the tumblers off and on, depending on what you are playing." Tri-level Crown & Anchor. ....there are chips to the paintwork in places." The top is 6-sided, each level has these 6 sides: X 1 2 3 4 5. "STILL IN GOOD WORKING PERIOD CONDITION, THIS PARTICULAR TEETOTEM IS RARE BECAUSE IT IS TRI-LEVEL WITH 3 INDEPENDENTLY SPINNING DECKS OR LEVELS. Grey Lag-Colon-- Man-O-War--Morvich- Zev-Spark Plug DISQ, 5-1, 4-1, 8-1, 6-1, 2-1 Crown and Anchor. The typed instructions came with the rigged tops when ordered from a gambling supply house. "Blue Book" (copyright 1932), which at that time had offices in eight major cities across the U. Notice how the middle ones are nice and symmetrical -- straight/fair/honest. Per seller, "Put N Take Dreidel - Gambling Spinner - Made in Wisconsin USA, Made in Wisconsin USA, CNC Machined from Aircraft Grade Aluminum. Dealer, in e Bay August 2009 auction description, says: "... A box of 1 dozen 3/4" dice for the game Put & Take etched in black, red and blue. "The original game was a spinning top but this dice version is easier for younger children who can't make a top spin. "The 6 faces read - PUT 1, PUT 2, ALL PUT, TAKE 1, TAKE 2 & TAKE ALL. "This is a fun way to teach children about turn taking, following game rules, number value, winning & losing! English lettering is CNC-engraved and hand painted. This auction includes one aluminum top, instruction card, and small fabric gift bag. ," as described by e Bay seller rembet33 in Oct 2009. per e Bay seller, March 2010: "Well, I came up with a design and had it made and now am selling it to other Put and Take enthusiasts looking for an ultimate game experience that can be carried with you wherever you go.